COVID-19 or coronavirus is a new virus that had never been formerly reported in humans before 2019. It was first recognized in Wuhan city of China, where it became an epidemic, and later identified in several other countries. The COVID-19 virus is closely associated with a bat coronavirus. The outbreak of Covid-19 caused widespread panic across the world, and certain pervasive myths related to coronavirus further worsened the situation. So, I intend to address 15 frequently asked questions and a few myths about the new coronavirus or COVID-19 in this article.
1. Where did Covid-19 Appear first?
Coronavirus appeared in late 2019 in Wuhan City of China and is currently named as COVID-19. The outburst of COVID-19 has led to the death of more than 3000 people, and more than 89,000 people have been affected globally till date. Many myths persist about Coronavirus. COVID-19 is an infectious disease that causes mild to severe respiratory symptoms like fever, cough, and shortness of breath. It was first noted on December 31st, 2019. Later on, the disease spread across the globe.
2. How does Covid-19 Spread?
Human coronavirus is contagious. It spreads from infected individuals to others through close contacts via contaminated droplets transmitted by coughing or sneezing, or by contact with infected hands, surfaces or objects. The symptoms appear typically within 5 to 6 days, or maybe within two weeks. Hence, people who have been in contact with infected persons are told to be in self-isolation for 2 weeks.
3. What Are The Symptoms of Covid-19 Coronavirus?
The symptoms appear within a few days. Infected persons might develop a fever, cough, runny nose, shortness of breath and other symptoms. The infection can cause pneumonia with severe respiratory distress.
4. How Long does The COVID-19 Infection Last?
The infection period for the virus varies from person to person. If the symptoms are mild, or the individual is healthy, he will recover within a few days. On the other hand, if the individual has other ongoing health issues, like a respiratory condition, revival may take weeks, and in acute cases situation could be potentially grave.
5. How Is COVID-19 Diagnosed?
Infection with COVID-19 is diagnosed by finding traces of the virus in respiratory samples, such as swabs from the back of the nose and throat or fluid from the lungs. COVID-19 tests are done in public health laboratories.
6. What should I do if I come into contact with a person with COVID-19?
If you have been in contact with a confirmed COVID-19 patient, you need to be in self-isolation for 14 days after being in contact with the infected person and must monitor your health constantly and report to the nearby hospital or health center if you notice any symptom.
7. What is a ‘close contact’ with an infected person?
‘Close contact’ refers to an infected person who has been face to face with you for at least 15 minutes or been in the same congested space for a minimum of 2 hours. The public health unit will monitor people who are the close contacts of patients with COVID-19. If any symptoms develop, you need to call the public health unit to report those symptoms.
8. Is COVID-19 curable?
There are no precise medicines recommended to stop or treat COVID-19. People infected with the virus must receive proper care to ease and treat the symptoms, and persons with severe infection should receive immediate medical attention. Above all, if you notice any of the symptoms, you must immediately consult a doctor.
9. How do I get tested for COVID-19?
Visit a hospital as soon as you notice any symptoms. Testing can be done at an emergency department in a hospital.
10. Do face masks protect against COVID-19?
People who have symptoms are requested to stay in self-isolation at home and should wear a surgical face mask when they are with another person. Health Care Professionals who are caring for patients with suspected COVID-19 should use appropriate personal protective equipment to protect themselves against COVID-19.
11. How do we know that people who had COVID-19 are back to normal?
The confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection stay in isolation under the care and monitoring of medical specialists until they do not experience symptoms of COVID-19 infection. They are released from isolation only after conducting tests and confirming that they are no more affected with COVID-19. Once they are discharged, a follow-up assessment is done by the medical team to assure that they remain well.
12. If I am concerned about having COVID-19, can I ask for a test?
If you notice fever, cough, runny nose, shortness of breath and other symptoms and traveled in contaminated areas are at risk of COVID-19, so you must see your GP or visit your local Emergency Department to get tested for COVID-19.
13. Was the Coronavirus deliberately created Or released by someone?
Viruses are not constant. Occasionally, a disease outbreak happens when a virus that is common in animals such as a pig, bat or bird undergoes changes and passes to humans. This is likely how the new coronavirus also appeared.
14. How can COVID-19 be prevented?
- Clean your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand rub.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or a flexed elbow when coughing and sneezing.
- Avoid close contact with anyone with cold or flu-like symptoms.
- Practice cough etiquette (while you cough or sneeze, use a disposable tissue or cloth, and clean your hands).
- Travelers to Asia should not visit live bird and animal markets.
15. Is there a vaccine for Coronavirus?
No vaccines or special treatment are currently available for COVID-19. Early treatment and general care are most important. Many of the time, symptoms will resolve on their own. People who have a serious disease with complications can be cared for in hospital.
Read below: WHO Statement on COVID-19 cases